Abstract                 Volume:6  Issue-6  Year-2019          Original Research Articles

IJCRBP is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCRBP Articles.

Online ISSN : 2349-8080
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorinchiefijcrbp@gmail.com

Comparative study of the food habits of populations in southern Benin
Sognigbé G. Basile1,2, Chabi Nicodème Worou1,3*, Avocèfohoun Sako Alphonse2,3, Kohonou N. Arnaud1,2, Konfo Tétédé Rodrigue Christian4, Sina Haziz2, Noumavo A. Pacôme2, Dah Nouvlessounon Durand2 and Baba-Moussa Lamine2
1Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology,
Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
2Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Typing in Microbiology, Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
3Laboratory of Research in Applied Biology, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
4Laboratory of Study and Research in Applied Chemistry, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi,
University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 PO BOX: 2009 Cotonou, Benin
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

An unbalanced or inappropriate diet promotes the onset of the metabolic syndrome, one of the risk factors in the occurrence of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to analyze the food habits of four ethnic groups in southern Benin to assess their impact on the occurrence of the metabolic syndrome. This was a prospective cross-sectional descriptive study that took place over 4 months and identified volunteers aged 18 years or more in four ethnic groups of southern Benin. An interview using a questionnaire collected anthropometric, socio-demographic, behavioral and physical activity data. Informed consent was obtained from each participant in the study. The study population consisted of 497 participants recruited from both departments. The Goun, Tori, Nago and Yoruba ethnic groups were concerned. The average age of participants was 38.85 ± 14.4 years. The sex ratio was 1.67. The preferred foods at breakfast were: porridge (26.76%), attassi (18.91%), pasta (18.51%) and akassa (11.67%) with a female predominance in consumption. Food consumed at lunch was akassa (37.17%), pasta (34.54%), rice (10.9%) and gari (8.08%). Those of the dinner were pasta (62.57%) and akassa (32.19%). The four ethnic groups have almost the same food habits composed largely of oil and starchy foods.

Keywords: Ethnic group Food habits Metabolic syndrome Southern Benin
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Basile, S. G., Worou, C. N., Alphonse, A. S., Arnaud, K. N., Rodrigue Christian, K. T., Haziz, S., Pacôme, N. A., Durand, D. N., Lamine, B. M., 2019. Comparative study of the food habits of populations in southern BeninInt.J.Curr.Res.Biosci.Plantbiol. 6(6): 1-8. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrbp.2019.606.001