Abstract                 Volume:4  Issue-10  Year-2017          Original Research Articles

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Genetic Diversity of Spider Plant (Cleome gynandra L.) of Burkina Faso Using ISSRs Markers
KIEBRE Zakaria*, BATIONO/KANDO Pauline, NANEMA Kiswendsida Romaric, SAWADOGO Boureima, KIEBRE Mariam, TRAORE Renan Ernest, SAWADOGO Mahamadou and ZONGO Jean-Didier
Equipe Génétique et Amélioration des plantes, Laboratoire Biosciences, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences de la Vie et de la Terre, Université Ouaga I Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO; 03 P O Box 7021 Ouagadougou 03; Burkina Faso    
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Genetic diversity is the basis of plant breeding. This study aims to determine the level and the organization of the genetic diversity within spider plant genetic resources in Burkina Faso, using ten (10) polymorphic markers Inter Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR). A total of 40 alleles were identified with an average of 4 alleles per locus and 2.919 effective alleles. The expected heterozygosity and the Shannon's diversity index were respectively 0.279 and 1.695. The analysis of the structuration of the genetic diversity allowed identifying three significantly different groups. These results revealed a relatively low diversity. Although the variations between the cultivated and spontaneous accessions are weak, they indicate a beginning of organization of genetic diversity according to the selection.

Keywords: Cleome gynandra,Genetic diversity,Inter Simple Sequence Repeat,Spider plant
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How to cite this article:

Kiébré, Z., Bationo/Kando, P., Nanéma, K. R., Sawadogo, B., Kiébré, M., Traoré, R. E., Sawadogo, M., Zongo, J.-D., 2017. Genetic diversity of spider plant (Cleome gynandra L.) of Burkina Faso using ISSRs markers. Int. J. Curr. Res.Int.J.Curr.Res.Biosci.Plantbiol. 4(10): 44-51. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrbp.2017.410.004