Abstract                 Volume:3  Issue-10  Year-2016          Original Research Articles

IJCRBP is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCRBP Articles.

Online ISSN : 2349-8080
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Yield Potential and Adaptability of Selected Food-grade Sorghum Hybrids to Mediterranean Conditions
Paola Pontieri1*, Jacopo Troisi2, Alessandro Bagnasco2, Antonio Boffa1, Mario Motto3,
Fabio Del Giudice4, Mitchell R. Tuinstra5, Alberto L. Chessa6, Graziano Pizzolante7,
Roberta Romano7, Pietro Alifano7 and Luigi Del Giudice1
1Istituto di Bioscienze e BioRisorse-UOS Portici-CNR c/o Dipartimento di Biologia, Sezione di Igiene, Napoli 80134, Italy
2Theoreo srl - Spinf off of the University of Salerno - Via degli ulivi. 3 Montecorvino Pugliano (SA) Italy
3Fondazione per le Nuove Tecnologie per la Vita, Bergamo, Italy
4Bioteam Laboratory, via Girolamo Santacroce,Napoli 80129, Italy
5Purdue University, Department of Agronomy, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
6Asesor Privado, Pueyrredón 971 (2600), Venado Tuerto, Santa Fè, Argentina
7Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche e Ambientali, Università del Salento, Lecce 73100, Italy
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Sorghum has been grown as a food crop for many centuries in Africa and Asia and it is a cereal option for celiac patients. Due to its properties as a wheat-free food, interest is increasing in cultivating sorghum in Mediterranean countries. To evaluate the agronomic characteristics of growth in the Mediterranean area, six hybrids of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench), representing different maturity classes, were selected and tested in experimental trials for 2 years in San Bartolomeo in Galdo (BN) hill, South Italy. The results showed moderate variation in adaptation of these hybrids as measured by differences in grain yields (4.60 to 7.30 t ha-1) and other pheno-morphological traits. In particular, the hybrid SW6129W from Bolivia and the hybrid SASG05W from Argentina had grain yields higher than others tested in these trials. Our results demonstrated that selected food-grade hybrids from South America, have agronomic characteristics well-suited for cultivation in Mediterranean countries.

Keywords: Agronomic performance,Food-grade sorghum,Soil and climate conditions,Sorghum hybrid,
Yield
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How to cite this article:

Pontieri, P., Troisi, J., Bagnasco, A., Boffa, A., Motto, M., Del Giudice, F., Tuinstra, M. R., Chessa, A. L., Pizzolante, G., Romano, R., Alifano., P., Del Giudice, L., 2016. Yield potential and adaptability of selected food-grade sorghum hybrids to Mediterranean conditions.Int.J.Curr.Res.Biosci.Plantbiol. 3(10): 118-127. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcrbp.2016.310.014